Priorities

Indian Households with Mobile Phone exceeds Households with Toilets

Indian Households with Mobile Phone exceeds Households with Toilets

by Yash Saboo January 24 2018, 2:37 pm Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins, 49 secs

According to an article in LiveMint, data has been released by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) which has once again underlined the abysmal state of sanitation in the country, particularly in rural India. According to this survey, only 32% of rural households have their own toilets and that less than half of Indian households have a toilet at home. There were more households with a mobile phone than with a toilet. In fact, the last Census data reveals that the percentage of households having access to television and telephones in rural India exceeds the percentage of households with access to toilet facilities. Of the estimated billion people in the world who defecate in the open, more than half reside in India.

According to Environmental Sanitation Institute, there is the problem of dry, or basket-type latrines in the country, which require manual removal of faeces. The people from the caste historically designated to do this work are treated as inhuman, being shunned and looked down upon by others. Currently, India has over 8 million dry latrines, requiring 750,000 scavengers daily to manually remove and carry the human excreta for disposal many times on their heads with no protective gear. Not only is this work demeaning, but it is also highly dangerous. The improper removal of human waste causes scavengers to be infected and communicate to others many diseases. Therefore, such easily preventable diseases as diarrhoea (the simple act of washing hands with soap and water can reduce diarrhoeal disease by one-third), malaria, cholera, hepatitis, typhoid, and polio are the main causes of death in India, as well as in other third world countries.

Source : Times of India

Poor sanitation impairs the health leading to high rates of malnutrition and productivity losses. According to World Bank estimates, India’s sanitation deficit leads to losses worth roughly 6% of its gross domestic product (GDP) by raising the disease burden in the country.  Children are affected more than adults as the rampant spread of diseases inhibits children’s ability to absorb nutrients thereby stunting their growth. As health economist Dean Spears argued “a large part of India’s malnutrition burden is owing to the unhygienic environment in which children grow up. Poor sanitation and high population density act as a double whammy on Indian children, half of whom grow up stunted”. It is not a coincidence that states with the poorest levels of sanitation and highest levels of population density such as Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh also have the highest levels of child malnutrition in the country.

It is precisely this situation that freelance health trainer and communications consultant Kirit Shelat, 78, features in his favourite puppet show. Holding a red sari-sporting female puppet in his left hand and a turban-clad, silver-moustached male in his right, Shelat relates the story of a couple enjoying their honeymoon at home—until the bride discovers she needs to wake up early the next morning because her husband does not own a toilet. She then threatens to divorce him and bring shame upon his family if he does not construct a toilet in the house, to which her abashed groom concedes, leading to a Bollywood-style happy ending of song and dance. Movies such as Toilet: Ek Prem Katha and Pad Man also add to the ways Bollywood is trying to educate people on sanitation issues.

 



Since you are here...

--- we have a very small favour to ask. More people are reading The Daily Eye now than ever. The Daily Eye is run by a team that believes in amplifying voices of those who otherwise find it hard to be heard, highlighting all the good work done by influencers, leaders, celebrities and informing readers about the latest in the efforts being made by so many of us to heal our world. We work hard to serve you regularly and we don't carry advertisements or anything that would adulterate your experience. We do our best to keep our content enriched, wholesome and inspiring and we do everything under the sun to stay positive and informed along with you.

If you are not well acquainted with our humble website, you might not be aware of the social work we do like mentoring underprivileged children and youth by providing filmmaking workshops besides the articles and films we produce on a regular basis. All this requires funding. If you like our work then please help us to secure our future. For as little as $1 or Rs.65 you can support The Daily Eye - and it won't take you more than a minute. Thanks for hearing us out!


Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of thedailyeye.info. The writers are solely responsible for any claims arising out of the contents of this article.

Is the Content on this page relevent?


Is there Something you do not like about this page?